For more information, see the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health’s Pregnancy and HIV. Also see CDC’s HIV Among Pregnant Women, Infants, and Children.
Women that are pregnant or planning on becoming pregnant should get tested for HIV. If a woman has HIV, it does not mean that she cannot become pregnant.
- If treated early in her pregnancy, a woman’s risk of transmitting HIV to her baby can be reduced to 1% or less.
- For children living with HIV, starting treatment early can help them live longer, healthier lives.
Perinatal HIV transmission or mother- to -child transmission, can happen at any time during pregnancy, labor, delivery and breastfeeding. The earlier HIV is diagnosed and treated the more effective HIV medicines, called antiretroviral treatment (ART), will be at preventing transmission and improving the health outcomes of both mother and child.
If you are HIV negative but your partner is HIV-positive, talk to your doctor about taking pre-exposure prophylaxis also known as PrEP to help prevent you from getting HIV.
Nevada Pregnancy Laws
The Nevada Revised Statutes (NRS) are all the current codified laws of the State of Nevada. There are three laws for HIV and Pregnancy:
- NRS 442.640 Requirement for testing of pregnant woman for human immunodeficiency virus.
- NRS 442.650 Requirement for testing of newborn child for human immunodeficiency virus
- NRS 442.660 Pamphlet to be provided before testing of pregnant woman or newborn child; contents of pamphlet.
To review the NRS go to the State of Nevada’s website at: https://www.leg.state.nv.us/Division/Legal/LawLibrary/NRS/NRS-442.html#NRS442Sec680